General Questions about The NDC Support Facility for Efficient, Climate-Friendly Cooling

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    What is K-CEP?

    The Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (K-CEP) was launched in March 2017 to significantly increase and accelerate the climate and development benefits of the Montreal Protocol’s refrigerant transition by maximizing a simultaneous improvement in the energy efficiency of cooling. The Program is a collaboration between foundations, governments and individuals who collectively agreed to use their resources for further advances in cooling in order to double the climate benefits and significantly increase the development benefits of the Kigali Amendment of the Montreal Protocol to phase down HFCs.

    K-CEP is managed by the Efficiency Cooling Office (ECO), housed at ClimateWorks Foundation. The ECO supports K-CEP’s strategy design, implementation, grantmaking, and operations. For more information about K-CEP, go to www.k-cep.org.

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    What is the NDC Support Facility for Efficient, Climate-Friendly Cooling?

    Through the NDC Support Facility for Efficient, Climate-Friendly Cooling (NDC Facility), K-CEP is offering technical support to developing country governments to scale up efficient, climate-friendly cooling policies, finance, and initiatives in support of the next round of countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which are expected to be put forward by the end of 2020. Governments can choose technical assistance partners such as UN agencies, development banks, NGOs, academic institutions, consultants, etc. – to do the work with financial support provided by K-CEP.

    By providing support to implement efficient, climate-friendly cooling solutions and linking these solutions to the systematic scaling of ambition of the Paris Agreement, the NDC Facility aims to catalyze new cooling solutions and institutionalize continual improvement. The Facility’s aim is to unlock the significant contribution that efficient, climate-friendly cooling can make to climate and development goals, whilst simultaneously complementing the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

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    How does the NDC Facility relate to other K-CEP Windows?

    From a thematic perspective, the NDC Facility cuts across all of K-CEP’s four ‘Windows’ as funding can focus on institutional strengthening, policy, finance, or access work. Importantly, however, the NDC Facility is a distinct and additional pool of funds that is dedicated to enhancing NDCs related to improving access to efficient, climate-friendly cooling.

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    Who can apply to the NDC Facility?

    Generally, both countries and organizations that can provide technical assistance (TA) to countries can apply. Separate applications are available for each type of applicant. However, funds from the Facility will only be contracted to TA partners, not to country governments.

    All Article 5 countries under the Montreal Protocol (including Article 5 Group 2 countries) are eligible for funding through the NDC Facility. Countries must demonstrate a written commitment to include or enhance commitments around cooling in their NDCs as part of the application process. Interested countries can apply either with a preferred TA provider, or K-CEP can provide a preferred partner to work with if none has been identified.

    TA providers are also invited to apply but they must have an established relationship with an Article 5 country. Any NGO, development bank, UN agency, academic institution, consultant, or other organization working directly with an Article 5 country to scale up efficient, climate-friendly cooling policies, finance, and initiatives is invited to apply. Written evidence of a formal relationship (e.g. a Memorandum of Understanding) with the partner country should be provided along with the application. While countries can apply without a preferred TA partner, TA providers cannot apply without a partner country.

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    What type of support will the NDC Facility provide?

    The Facility expects to award grants between US$500,000 and US$2,500,000 (depending on the size of the mitigation opportunity and/or contribution to cooling access) to TA partners to work with countries that incorporate cooling into their NDCs. In addition to financial resources, K-CEP can provide guidance on how to build efficient, climate-friendly cooling into NDCs through research and reports already completed by the organization.

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    Can programs that get funds from the NDC Facility also draw from additional funds?

    Programs that get funding through the NDC Facility may also draw from additional funds. In fact, proposals with the ability and strategic plan to mobilize additional funds (including the Multilateral Fund) will be prioritized during the process. However, funds from the NDC Facility must be used to implement additional programs and initiatives related to cooling.

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    What is the size of the potential award?

    The Facility expects to award grants from US$500 thousand to US$2.5 million. Larger grants will be prioritized for those proposals with the largest greenhouse gas mitigation potential and/or contribution to cooling access.

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    Over what time period will the NDC Facility provide support?

    Funding will be disbursed to TA providers between 2021 and 2023, likely in tranche payments. Winning applicants will work with the K-CEP ECO and CEA Consulting to establish milestones for tranche payments.

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    Do I need to partner with other organizations?

    Funds from this Facility will be disbursed to TA providers that are working with a committed host country.

    Countries applying must partner with a TA provider so that funds can be disbursed. Countries should specify their preferred TA partner when applying.

    TA providers interested in applying must be aligned with a partner country, and must submit formal documentation (e.g., a Memorandum of Understanding) that the partner country is committed to revising its NDC and willing to work with the applying TA provider.

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    What will score well on NDC Facility applications under the revised scoring guidelines?

    Proposals should seek to enhance or add cooling commitments to NDCs, improve access to and the efficiency of cooling, and unlock additional funding to do so. Proposals will be evaluated based on the following criteria and weighting:

    Program/Project Concept – Viability of proposed activities and likelihood of success, including the robustness of a monitoring and evaluation system to measure outcomes (20%)

    Country Commitment – The clarity and scale of commitment of the partner country to the program/project and to add or enhance cooling commitments into their updated NDC (noting that other demonstrations of strong government commitment outside of the NDC context are also eligible). (20%)

    Impact – Impact will be assessed based on the focus of the project. (30%)

    Greenhouse gas focused projects – Impact will be assessed based on the GHG emissions reduction potential of the proposed activities. These activities must be additional to other work previously funded, e.g., by K-CEP, the Multilateral Fund, or others.

    Access to cooling-focused projects – Impact will be assessed based on the project’s impact on improved access to efficient, climate-friendly cooling within the target country with an emphasis on passive cooling solutions. Applicant countries that request support for cooling access work and are listed as “high-risk countries” in SEforAll’s Chilling Prospects: Sustainable Cooling for All 2019 Outlook report will receive a higher score, particularly those that focus on the most vulnerable populations within these countries.

    Projects focused on both access and greenhouse gas mitigation – 20% of overall scoring will be for greenhouse gas mitigation and 10% for improved access to cooling

    Mobilization of Finance – The ability and strategic plan to mobilize other funds (including MLF) for implementation of the NDC. This includes if partners are able to demonstrate co-funding for the program/project. (10%)

    Team and Experience – The experience of the team, including TA Partner and/or Ministry of the government, working on proposed activities and the experience of the proposed TA partner working with the partner country. (10%)

    Project Budget – Overall cost effectiveness of the proposed activities (10%)

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    How will K-CEP evaluate NDC Facility applications?

    K-CEP will work with CEA Consulting to score proposals using the evaluation criteria described above. CEA Consulting will then provide scored proposals and make recommendations regarding proposal selection to the K-CEP ECO and the NDC Facility’s Review Committee, who will make the final selections. Additional questions may be asked of applicants during the application process, which may lead to an iterative process.

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    Am I eligible if my country is unwilling to make a commitment on cooling in our enhanced NDC?

    There may be valid reasons why a country is unable to make a commitment on cooling in their enhanced NDC — for example, the country only provides an economy-wide target in its NDC or is unwilling to include cooling in their mitigation initiatives. In such cases, the applicant must state what other public commitment the country intends to make and when/how it will be shared. K-CEP will prioritize public commitments from higher/more central levels of government and will give preference to national commitments over subnational, and ministry commitments over agency level. A written explanation of why cooling could/would not be included in an enhanced NDC should also be provided in the application.

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    Will K-CEP give priority to certain geographies?

    All Article 5 countries (both Group 1 and Group 2) are eligible for funding from the NDC Facility, which is distinct from previous rounds of K-CEP funding. K-CEP has not identified specific priority countries for the NDC Facility, but certain countries will be more likely to meet the selection criteria (e.g., mitigation potential, expanded access to cooling, etc.) than others. K-CEP will also consider geographic diversity in the evaluation of applications to avoid concentrating funds from this Facility in one geography, depending on the geographic spread of applicants.

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    What does a non-NDC commitment look like?

    We encourage non-NDC commitments when NDC commitments are not politically possible. K-CEP will prioritize commitments from higher/ more central levels of government and will give preference to national commitments over subnational, and ministry commitments over agency level. In addition, K-CEP requires commitments to be released in a public form (e.g. a press release) before the grant is disbursed.

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    What are some examples of how partners could collaborate with governments?

    Below are four examples of how partners could collaborate with governments to enhance cooling efficiency. These case studies are meant to be demonstrative, not exhaustive, of the kind of work that could be undertaken with funds available from the NDC Facility.

    Example 1:   Country A commits to conduct regular reviews with an aim to enhance Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) for air conditioners and refrigerators, and to do so every five years in line with the NDC cycle of ambition. Country A requests US$1 million of support to design new MEPS, support local industry to convert production lines, set up a lab to test the appliances and create a labelling program. 

    Example 2:   Country B commits to drafting a building code for commercial and municipal buildings and to review the code with an aim to enhance it every five years in line with the NDC cycle of ambition. Country B requests US$700,000 to design the building code, pilot various building cooling solutions (e.g. cool roofs, ice batteries, digital controls, shading, and greening) and to train planning officials in implementing the building code. 

    Example 3:   Country C commits to reduce emissions from cooling in agriculture through a program of increasing access to cold storage (especially off-grid), reducing post-harvest food loss (and resulting greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and land degradation), and providing support only to those farmers who have adopted, or agree to adopt, more sustainable agricultural practices (thereby incentivizing such solutions even though the focus of the fund is on cooling). New business models like “cooling as a service” will be introduced to help ensure financial sustainability.

    Example 4:   Country D commits to increase urban greening through solutions such as vertical gardens, corridors of vegetation, green roofs, living walls and biodiversity infrastructure. Country D requests US$1 million to support pilots in the ten most ambitious cities across the country, to develop a policy for urban greening offsets for new real estate development, and to train architects in living buildings.

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    Should multiple applicants in the same country collaborate?

    K-CEP encourages applicants in the same country to collaborate only if there are efficiencies to be gained from collaboration (e.g., if there was increased efficiency for outreach to the government) or if a combined application would be more impactful. Otherwise, there is no need to combine efforts with other applicants if the work outlined in the proposal does not lend itself to this sort of collaboration.

    Applicants open to working collaboratively with other applicants in their country can articulate their interest during their proposal submission, and K-CEP may suggest partnering with other organizations depending on the applications that are submitted.

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    What specific commitments is this Facility looking for in the application?

    Applications should include an intended commitment to be included in the NDC revision in 2020 or other form of publicly-available, written commitment. Successful proposals will utilize language outlined by K-CEP in their guidance on include cooling into NDCs.

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    Can applications focus solely on the mitigation potential of cooling, or do they need to focus on increasing access to cooling as well?

    Some of the NDC Facility funds have been allocated specifically for work on improving access to cooling. Therefore, proposals that incorporate access to cooling may be prioritized for selection. However, projects that focus  on other distinct aspects can also be selected. Of the total funding available, US$3.2 million is available explicitly for cooling access. Up to US$9 million is available for cooling efficiency work, of which up to US$5 million is earmarked specifically for requesting TA support from LBNL to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that manufacture air conditioning equipment to improve energy efficiency while changing refrigerants.

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    How should applications be framed that work on multiple activities?

    The specific activities of each application should be guided by the country to ensure they are suitable to the national context. Projects that focus on multiple activities (e.g., improving efficiency of air conditioners and improving access to efficient, climate-friendly cooling) should emphasize all eligible activities in their application. However, applicants will not be penalized for projects that only focus on one activity.

    For projects that consider multiple activities, funding may be allocated for one or multiple of the activities depending on available resources and the strength of each activity within the application.

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    What does it mean that Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is the preferred TA provider of the NDC Facility?

    LBNL is the preferred TA delivery partner for certain aspects of this work, in particular for work related to 1) technical assistance to small and medium-sized air-conditioner manufacturers to improve energy efficiency while changing refrigerants or 2) technical assistance for the adoption, improvement and revision of model regulations. However, countries are very much invited and encouraged to apply with a different TA partner. Other TA providers are also invited to apply with written support from a partner country. Countries are first and foremost encouraged to work with a TA partner that they believe can best serve their needs.

    LBNL has pre-allocated funding of up to US$5 million to provide support to SMEs that manufacture air conditioning equipment to improve energy efficiency while changing refrigerants. Developing countries with robust SME manufacturing presence, such as Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Thailand, and Vietnam are encouraged to apply for this technical assistance. However, please note that all countries are also welcome and encouraged to apply for additional funds from the NDC Facility beyond this US$5 million for SME support. For more information, please contact Nihar Shah (cooling@lbl.gov).

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    What if my organization is already receiving funding from K-CEP?

    Countries and organizations already receiving funds from K-CEP are invited to apply for funding through this Facility to support activities and commitments that are additional to those already funded by K-CEP. However, applications that come from countries and / or technical providers that are already in receipt of funds from K-CEP will be considered in relation to the stage of work already being done. Those countries and / or TA providers that have shown demonstrated progress toward initiatives already funded by K-CEP will be prioritized in this Facility.

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    Who is CEA Consulting and what is their role in the NDC Facility?

    CEA Consulting is an environmental management consulting firm based in San Francisco, California that is supporting K-CEP with the NDC Facility’s selection process. They are assisting K-CEP in developing the Request for Proposals (RFP), raising awareness of the Facility, supporting applicants, and evaluating proposals. You can learn more about CEA Consulting at www.ceaconsulting.com.

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    Who should I contact if I have queries about the NDC Facility?

    Inquiries about the NDC Facility can be directed to coolingfacility@ceaconsulting.com.

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    Where can I find FAQs about the application process?

    For FAQs about the application process, please visit this page.